Last updated: 23 May 2023 & medically reviewed by Dr. Jenni Jacobsen
A 14-panel drug test screens for illicit drugs such as cocaine, heroin, and meth as well as prescription medications like benzodiazepines and opioids. Unlike 12-panel screens, it can also detect the highly addictive substances tramadol and demerol.
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What is a 14-panel drug test?
A 14-panel drug test is commonly used to detect marijuana, cocaine, opioids, amphetamines, and additionally the addictive painkillers tramadol and demerol. As with other prescription medications, the cut-off point for detection of these substances is above the standard amount that would be present if taken at the prescribed dosage.
These tests are regularly used by employers but may also be used in other settings including prior to detox treatment for substance abuse.
How is a 14-panel test collected?
A 14-panel drug screen can be done using a urine sample. Hair follicle samples are also used for lab testing if detecting drug use up to 90 days prior to the test. Read here to learn more about the different types of drug tests.
What drugs does a 14-panel drug test search for?
Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Ativan, Klonopin, and Librium)
Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust)
Expanded Amphetamines (MDMA, Ecstasy, and Molly)
Can I take the test at home?
Yes, 14-panel drug tests are available for home ordering and use via medical service providers (as long as they are FDA approved). At-home drug tests are urine tests that use a dipstick similar to an at-home pregnancy test that can detect accurately for illicit substances.
While at-home 14-panel tests are reliable for detecting above the cut-off presence of substances in the system, they are not 100% verifiable. For the most accurate results, it is best to have drug tests performed by professionals in a lab or to send at-home tests away for further analysis.
Read here to learn more about the drug test process.